When people think of California, they may think of Earthquakes.  Most folks don't even know there are volcanoes there, but there are.  At least two:  Lassen Peak and the much larger Long Valley Caldera near Mammoth Lakes.  

In 1915, Lassen Peak erupted and wrecked a huge portion of the state.  Over the last 100 days, the much larger Long Valley Caldera has begun acting-up.  And what it's doing has Geologists at the US Geological Survey "concerned."  The Caldera - the mouth of the Volcano - is . . . . moving.  

According to scientific instruments monitored by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) the area in vicinity of the Long Valley caldera is deforming and moving rapidly compared to previous records. How sure are they? "95% (confidence interval), the (data) ensemble is significant"

The data is showing on a recent timespan that the amount of movement is causing STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT STRAIN in the rock in the area. This is not conspiracy-theorist conjecture or amateur geology antics, this is from the USGS itself.  Here's the actual data - if it looks to you like gobbledygook, you're not alone; scroll down for an understandable explanation:

 

USGS INSTRUMENT MEASUREMENTS

The following exceed SNR 1.5 and at the 95% CI, the ensemble is significant
The time span is 31 out of 730 days To be significant at the 95% CI, counts need to exceed 20 Units in either mm/yr or nano-strain/yr

(Let me save you the trouble . . . . ALL the readings in this first data set EXCEED 20 Units; the ones in RED exceed it by a lot!)


sawc n rate 32.1 +/- 21.4 snr 1.5
ca99 n rate 55.1 +/- 30.2 snr 1.8
mwtp n rate 85.2 +/- 37.9 snr 2.2
p638 e rate 35.4 +/- 20.4 snr 1.7
shrc n rate 84.3 +/- 30.7 snr 2.7
shrc e rate 40.1 +/- 21.2 snr 1.9
p631 n rate 136.1 +/- 37.0 snr 3.7
p631 e rate 80.2 +/- 20.0 snr 4.0
tilc n rate 83.8 +/- 24.3 snr 3.4
tilc e rate 55.1 +/- 19.3 snr 2.9
ddmn e rate 46.1 +/- 24.4 snr 1.9
p646 e rate 29.1 +/- 16.8 snr 1.7
hotk e rate 27.6 +/- 18.1 snr 1.5
bald u rate -113.3 +/- 54.2 snr 2.1
p642 n rate 140.0 +/- 27.2 snr 5.1
p642 e rate 84.4 +/- 21.4 snr 3.9
mins e rate -151.8 +/- 33.5 snr 4.5
p643 n rate 44.1 +/- 15.7 snr 2.8
p635 n rate 32.0 +/- 19.5 snr 1.6
p635 e rate 70.8 +/- 35.0 snr 2.0
p644 n rate 55.2 +/- 16.0 snr 3.5
p644 e rate 81.4 +/- 23.4 snr 3.5
p636 e rate 72.1 +/- 34.9 snr 2.1
dech u rate -115.7 +/- 60.7 snr 1.9
p654 e rate 55.2 +/- 33.3 snr 1.7
p653 e rate 30.4 +/- 15.2 snr 2.0
p653 u rate -99.1 +/- 66.0 snr 1.5

The following exceed SNR 2.0 and at the 95% CI, the ensemble is significant The time span is 31 out of 730 days. To be significant at the 95% CI, counts need to exceed Units in either mm/yr or nano-strain/yr

(Let me save you the trouble again, ALL the data in this second data set exceed 9 units; the ones in red, by a LOT)


mwtp n rate 85.2 +/- 37.9 snr 2.2
shrc n rate 84.3 +/- 30.7 snr 2.7
p631 n rate 136.1 +/- 37.0 snr 3.7
p631 e rate 80.2 +/- 20.0 snr 4.0
tilc n rate 83.8 +/- 24.3 snr 3.4
tilc e rate 55.1 +/- 19.3 snr 2.9
bald u rate -113.3 +/- 54.2 snr 2.1
p642 n rate 140.0 +/- 27.2 snr 5.1
p642 e rate 84.4 +/- 21.4 snr 3.9
mins e rate -151.8 +/- 33.5 snr 4.5
p643 n rate 44.1 +/- 15.7 snr 2.8
p635 e rate 70.8 +/- 35.0 snr 2.0
p644 n rate 55.2 +/- 16.0 snr 3.5
p644 e rate 81.4 +/- 23.4 snr 3.5
p636 e rate 72.1 +/- 34.9 snr 2.1
p653 e rate 30.4 +/- 15.2 snr 2.0

The following exceed SNR 3.0 and at the 95% CI, the ensemble is significant. The time span is 31 out of 730 days. To be significant at the 95% CI, counts need to exceed Units in either mm/yr or nano-strain/yr.

(I'll save you the trouble again, they ALL exceed 1 Unit; the ones in Red, by a LOT!)


p631 n rate 136.1 +/- 37.0 snr 3.7
p631 e rate 80.2 +/- 20.0 snr 4.0
tilc n rate 83.8 +/- 24.3 snr 3.4
p642 n rate 140.0 +/- 27.2 snr 5.1
p642 e rate 84.4 +/- 21.4 snr 3.9
mins e rate -151.8 +/- 33.5 snr 4.5
p644 n rate 55.2 +/- 16.0 snr 3.5
p644 e rate 81.4 +/- 23.4 snr 3.5

The following exceed SNR 4.0 and at the 95% CI, the ensemble is significant. The time span is 31 out of 730 days. To be significant at the 95% CI, counts need to exceed Units in either mm/yr or nano-strain/yr.

(Yep, you guessed it, they ALL Exceed Zero .. by a LOT)


p631 e rate 80.2 +/- 20.0 snr 4.0
p642 n rate 140.0 +/- 27.2 snr 5.1
mins e rate -151.8 +/- 33.5 snr 4.5

Updated Sat Jul 8 14:37:18 UTC 2017

 

OK, so what does this mean?  Well, judging by the deformation directions and rates: the magma plume is subsiding over the previous caldera and rising just south of it, where earthquakes are swarming now. The entire thing is tilting away from the mountains, with the northern edge of the old caldera sinking and the southern edge moving north, as if pushed by some force in the swarm region.

Doesn't look good.

Here's how the USGS puts it:

Increased volcanic unrest (including earthquake swarms, ground deformation, and CO gas emissions) in the Long Valley area since 1980 increases the chance of an eruption occurring in the near future, but scientists still lack adequate data to reliably calculate by how much. Volcanic unrest in some other large volcanic systems has persisted for decades or even centuries without leading to an eruption. But since volcanic unrest can escalate to an eruption quickly--in a few weeks, days, or less--USGS scientists are monitoring the activity closely.

For those of you who might not quite comprehend this, let me put it another way:

Out of nowhere, the mountain started moving several times faster than it's ever moved before, in a direction it isn't supposed to be moving, while shaking like a leaf and belching poison gas.

There, that should be clear enough for just about anyone!

The USGS has also issued a status statement about the volcano which reads as follows:

Long Valley Caldera

Quick Facts
Location: California, Mono County
Latitude: 37.7° N
Longitude: 118.87° W
Elevation: 2,600 (m) 8,530 (f)
Volcano type: caldera
Composition: basalt to rhyolite
Most recent eruption: 16,000-17,000 years ago
Nearby towns: Mammoth Lakes
Threat Potential: Very High *

 

Oh. Joy!  Threat potential very high.  Just what we need.

 

EARTHQUAKES

OK, so there's ground deformation, Carbon Monoxide Gas and some earthquakes.  We all know earthquakes are a pretty reliable indicator of a pending eruption. How many earthquakes have there been and how big were they?  Glad you asked!

284 in the last 5 days!

Here's the report.  Notice in the DEPTH column that very many of the "earthquakes" are happening at a NEGATIVE Depth; that means above the ground . . . you know, in the volcano itself that rises 8,530 feet above the ground, and so some of the earthquakes are higher than ground level!  " The above-ground, in-the-volcano quakes, are highlighted in either Yellow (less than 2 km above ground) or in RED, more than 2 km above ground.  

What causes "earthquakes" inside a volcano higher than ground level?????   LAVA!  Moving upward.

MAG      Date/Time (UTC)          Depth (km)
1.84 07/11/2017 04:11:26 2.06
1.9 07/11/2017 04:00:56 0.35
1.42 07/11/2017 03:11:55 0.62
0.84 07/11/2017 03:00:30 -0.33
1.17 07/11/2017 02:55:38 1.28
1.15 07/11/2017 02:54:50 0.02
2.95 07/11/2017 02:13:12 2.89
1.26 07/11/2017 01:47:05 -2.31
2.84 07/11/2017 01:37:25 0.76
2.56 07/11/2017 01:11:36 -2.28
2.86 07/11/2017 01:11:26 -0.03
2.39 07/10/2017 22:16:32 2.41
0.98 07/10/2017 21:07:49 -0.25
1.45 07/10/2017 21:00:17 1.99
0.96 07/10/2017 19:18:02 0.29
1.11 07/10/2017 18:46:50 0.83
0.87 07/10/2017 12:32:28 -0.16
0.9 07/10/2017 11:38:14 1.12
2.03 07/10/2017 11:15:16 2.27
1.61 07/10/2017 11:12:49 2.55
2.71 07/10/2017 11:02:58 3.76
2.58 07/10/2017 07:30:27 3.63
1.32 07/10/2017 06:58:34 8.81
2.65 07/10/2017 06:43:44 1.61
0.96 07/10/2017 05:35:03 -0.19
1.91 07/10/2017 05:24:28 0.95
2.12 07/10/2017 05:24:14 -0.25
1.35 07/10/2017 05:03:42 -0.6
1.09 07/10/2017 02:12:26 1.19
1.25 07/09/2017 17:25:37 2.17
1.49 07/09/2017 17:15:04 -2.45
2.28 07/09/2017 15:55:26 1.58
2.67 07/09/2017 15:48:01 1.65
1.57 07/09/2017 14:09:29 2.74
0.57 07/09/2017 10:52:37 -2.06
1.55 07/09/2017 10:40:25 1.56
1.95 07/09/2017 10:23:51 1.72
1.25 07/09/2017 10:12:16 2.8
0.81 07/09/2017 09:44:25 0.03
1.83 07/09/2017 09:40:04 2.06
2.06 07/09/2017 09:25:13 -2.31
3.88 07/09/2017 09:12:05 0.87
0.82 07/09/2017 08:56:40 2.51
1.35 07/09/2017 08:49:14 -1.74
1.26 07/09/2017 08:11:42 0.62
1.3 07/09/2017 08:09:34 -1.52
1.08 07/09/2017 07:33:55 2.66
1.36 07/09/2017 07:03:46 2.84
1.08 07/09/2017 06:53:52 2.75
1.43 07/09/2017 06:27:31 2.92
0.84 07/09/2017 06:26:42 2.72
1.43 07/09/2017 05:53:15 -1.69
0.8 07/09/2017 05:28:17 0.97
1.37 07/09/2017 05:26:09 0.54
1.84 07/09/2017 05:04:20 1.01
0.14 07/09/2017 04:52:55 0.38
0.27 07/09/2017 04:35:56 -0.8
0.57 07/09/2017 04:27:00 1.18
0.39 07/09/2017 04:03:49 0.97
0.42 07/09/2017 03:58:33 -0.85
0.93 07/09/2017 03:32:01 3.96
1.19 07/09/2017 02:56:32 0.32
0.58 07/09/2017 02:16:18 0.25
1.23 07/09/2017 02:07:49 -0.09
1.24 07/09/2017 01:46:44 4.07
0.81 07/09/2017 01:14:28 -1.43
0.59 07/09/2017 00:43:57 3.58
2.11 07/08/2017 22:04:36 1.05
1.05 07/08/2017 21:43:45 2.4
2.64 07/08/2017 21:36:07 3.22
1.27 07/08/2017 21:25:17 0.99
1.04 07/08/2017 21:16:00 3.95
0.48 07/08/2017 21:05:58 0.27
2.35 07/08/2017 20:54:53 -1.77
0.9 07/08/2017 20:10:09 3.89
0.57 07/08/2017 20:09:33 4.09
0.24 07/08/2017 19:17:48 2.4
0.35 07/08/2017 19:05:43 -0.63
0.88 07/08/2017 18:33:14 3.84
1.2 07/08/2017 18:29:22 -2.16
0.17 07/08/2017 18:26:19 0.41
0.54 07/08/2017 18:16:31 -0.51
1.8 07/08/2017 18:06:50 0.9
2.17 07/08/2017 17:59:54 0.52
0.49 07/08/2017 17:47:29 -0.92
0.13 07/08/2017 17:07:59 -0.08
0.46 07/08/2017 17:01:37 -0.4
0.43 07/08/2017 16:52:38 1.76
0.76 07/08/2017 15:50:13 -0.89
1.4 07/08/2017 15:48:46 -0.99
0.36 07/08/2017 15:29:30 3.54
0.74 07/08/2017 15:13:22 3.82
1.86 07/08/2017 14:53:03 -1.99
0.29 07/08/2017 14:39:38 0.38
1.88 07/08/2017 14:33:59 -1.99
1.76 07/08/2017 14:32:30 -2.12
0.6 07/08/2017 12:57:53 9.7
0.8 07/08/2017 12:31:56 9.8
0.48 07/08/2017 12:31:05 2.91
1 07/08/2017 12:22:01 0.97
0.56 07/08/2017 12:02:44 -0.26
0.73 07/08/2017 11:52:14 -1.44
0.36 07/08/2017 11:21:10 -1.06
0.75 07/08/2017 10:52:42 1.21
0.7 07/08/2017 10:49:12 0.98
1.33 07/08/2017 10:37:13 2.04
1 07/08/2017 10:37:13 1.4
0.54 07/08/2017 09:26:20 -0.3
0.4 07/08/2017 08:03:44 10.63
0.94 07/08/2017 07:43:53 -0.13
0.49 07/08/2017 07:08:35 2.77
0.59 07/08/2017 06:37:55 -1.33
0.78 07/08/2017 06:24:00 0.13
0.41 07/08/2017 06:04:50 2.23
0.27 07/08/2017 05:30:35 -0.35
0.37 07/08/2017 04:49:15 -0.21
0.65 07/08/2017 03:44:57 0.36
0.75 07/08/2017 03:15:54 3.31
0.77 07/08/2017 03:06:11 0.23
0.87 07/08/2017 02:55:29 5.92
1.89 07/08/2017 01:28:12 6.81
0.7 07/08/2017 00:47:44 -0.04
0.7 07/07/2017 23:42:49 0.54
0.6 07/07/2017 23:23:48 -1.82
0.98 07/07/2017 23:03:38 -0.47
0.08 07/07/2017 23:03:22 -0.02
0.83 07/07/2017 22:34:40 6.39
0.52 07/07/2017 22:31:00 4.42
0.54 07/07/2017 22:30:24 4.19
0.47 07/07/2017 22:13:13 -2.28
0.83 07/07/2017 22:06:02 -0.68
0.84 07/07/2017 21:45:51 -1.68
0.57 07/07/2017 21:27:55 -1.52
0.43 07/07/2017 21:25:24 0.45
1.71 07/07/2017 20:45:58 -0.82
0.62 07/07/2017 19:28:53 -1.16
0.56 07/07/2017 19:23:28 -1.15
0.48 07/07/2017 19:01:22 1.53
1.49 07/07/2017 18:51:56 -0.55
1.9 07/07/2017 18:33:36 2.53
1.88 07/07/2017 18:23:55 1.31
0.76 07/07/2017 18:10:19 2.15
1.68 07/07/2017 17:47:15 -2.06
1.87 07/07/2017 17:44:09 1.05
0.53 07/07/2017 17:43:43 3.01
1.81 07/07/2017 17:22:53 1.45
0.72 07/07/2017 17:19:35 1.74
1.44 07/07/2017 17:18:16 0.17
1.17 07/07/2017 16:54:52 1.46
0.72 07/07/2017 16:34:58 -2.3
0.42 07/07/2017 16:07:35 -1.55
0.48 07/07/2017 16:04:38 -0.34
0.91 07/07/2017 15:41:59 0.37
0.38 07/07/2017 15:15:56 1.28
0.23 07/07/2017 15:03:29 -0.07
0.83 07/07/2017 15:01:38 -0.36
1.57 07/07/2017 14:41:23 0.47
1.73 07/07/2017 14:22:30 -0.73
0.22 07/07/2017 14:19:35 -0.31
0.5 07/07/2017 13:32:51 0.77
2.15 07/07/2017 13:00:38 -0.64
0.42 07/07/2017 12:53:35 -0.92
2.08 07/07/2017 12:51:29 -1.41
0.5 07/07/2017 12:39:03 0.24
0.57 07/07/2017 12:16:26 -0.84
0.77 07/07/2017 11:18:49 4.1
0.67 07/07/2017 11:14:51 -0.75
0.14 07/07/2017 10:54:08 0.48
0.57 07/07/2017 10:46:09 -0.84
0.32 07/07/2017 10:45:49 0.74
0.66 07/07/2017 09:41:46 -0.83
0.41 07/07/2017 09:28:17 0.29
0.88 07/07/2017 09:23:51 7.08
1.78 07/07/2017 09:08:13 -1.9
0.22 07/07/2017 08:55:48 5.82
0.83 07/07/2017 08:27:11 2.5
0.51 07/07/2017 08:19:09 -0.76
0.59 07/07/2017 07:43:58 0.06
0.73 07/07/2017 07:26:35 1.76
0.69 07/07/2017 07:01:18 -1.13
0.63 07/07/2017 06:48:09 0.43
2 07/07/2017 05:36:06 -1.41
0.66 07/07/2017 05:12:27 -0.93
0.33 07/07/2017 04:36:11 -0.76
0.57 07/07/2017 04:26:57 -0.84
0.33 07/07/2017 03:37:54 -2.22
1.47 07/07/2017 03:21:04 1.06
0.66 07/07/2017 03:02:00 0.68
0.16 07/07/2017 02:50:42 0.28
0.48 07/07/2017 01:31:47 2.55
0.38 07/07/2017 01:15:27 0.36
1.56 07/07/2017 01:09:34 0.35
0.35 07/07/2017 00:51:32 4.59
0.37 07/07/2017 00:50:18 -0.6
2.01 07/07/2017 00:07:54 -2.15
0.87 07/07/2017 00:07:15 -0.67
0.25 07/06/2017 23:15:19 0.42
0.94 07/06/2017 23:04:56 -1.2
1.33 07/06/2017 21:11:43 -0.42
0.81 07/06/2017 20:56:27 0.93
0.3 07/06/2017 20:51:07 0.47
0.71 07/06/2017 20:20:25 -0.71
0.68 07/06/2017 19:58:05 1.27
0.81 07/06/2017 19:46:07 2.35
0.57 07/06/2017 18:04:38 -0.74
0.1 07/06/2017 17:58:28 -0.17
0.94 07/06/2017 17:48:43 2.06
0.85 07/06/2017 17:44:25 -2.3
0.4 07/06/2017 17:37:47 1.79
0.38 07/06/2017 17:32:49 2.54
0.79 07/06/2017 17:32:04 4.34
0.55 07/06/2017 17:31:31 4.14
0.74 07/06/2017 17:25:39 -0.79
0.27 07/06/2017 16:43:14 1.15
0.55 07/06/2017 16:30:36 0.87
0.15 07/06/2017 16:17:40 0.55
1.35 07/06/2017 16:15:19 -2.23
0.54 07/06/2017 16:02:35 3.18
0.58 07/06/2017 15:49:29 -1.12
0.73 07/06/2017 15:45:53 -1.65
2.57 07/06/2017 15:43:49 0.37
0.18 07/06/2017 15:15:11 -0.6
0.59 07/06/2017 15:12:52 -0.96
0.44 07/06/2017 15:04:17 1.65
1.6 07/06/2017 14:58:12 1.64
0.65 07/06/2017 14:34:00 -0.46
0.22 07/06/2017 14:01:01 -0.55
0.15 07/06/2017 13:51:15 5.42
0.36 07/06/2017 13:42:07 -1.3
0.72 07/06/2017 13:30:59 -0.68
0.96 07/06/2017 13:14:18 0.85
0.69 07/06/2017 12:51:49 0.18
1.3 07/06/2017 12:48:51 1.03
1.34 07/06/2017 12:48:50 -0.38
0.47 07/06/2017 12:08:06 0.58
0.59 07/06/2017 10:19:23 -0.35
1.8 07/06/2017 09:29:53 7.3
0.82 07/06/2017 08:47:24 -1.94
1.13 07/06/2017 08:40:43 -1.11
0.17 07/06/2017 06:20:20 -0.56
1.56 07/06/2017 06:14:44 -1.94
0.48 07/06/2017 06:12:12 -1.2
0.58 07/06/2017 04:57:30 -1.13
1.83 07/06/2017 04:51:41 0.83
0.67 07/06/2017 04:03:16 -1.39
0.04 07/06/2017 04:02:27 -1.14
1.83 07/06/2017 03:52:28 0.54
2.38 07/06/2017 03:49:12 -0.23
0.68 07/06/2017 03:05:09 -1.17
0.53 07/06/2017 01:50:40 -1.83
1.56 07/06/2017 01:35:39 -2.06
1.12 07/06/2017 01:11:47 0.56
0.54 07/06/2017 00:59:41 -0.82
0.63 07/06/2017 00:55:58 -0.14
0.5 07/05/2017 23:33:16 -1.77
0.34 07/05/2017 22:49:40 -0.15
0.81 07/05/2017 22:35:41 -0.36
1.33 07/05/2017 21:22:38 1.14
0.45 07/05/2017 20:27:42 -1.08
1.93 07/05/2017 20:07:19 0.5
1.59 07/05/2017 19:23:27 -2.31
0.14 07/05/2017 19:08:42 -1.17
2.18 07/05/2017 18:58:58 -0.3
0.33 07/05/2017 16:44:49 4.95
2.28 07/05/2017 14:51:42 1.11
0.16 07/05/2017 13:06:29 -0.14
0.04 07/05/2017 13:02:02 1.39
0.72 07/05/2017 12:50:17 -0.31
0.2 07/05/2017 11:57:01 -0.77
0.23 07/05/2017 11:54:12 0.42
0.52 07/05/2017 10:02:55 -0.81
0.67 07/05/2017 08:15:12 1.73
0.92 07/05/2017 07:58:29 6.52
0.45 07/05/2017 05:54:57 -1.08
1.03 07/05/2017 04:15:04 -0.92
0.5 07/05/2017 03:15:02 0.44
0.64 07/05/2017 02:55:29 1.86
0.45 07/05/2017 02:44:44 2.63
0.58 07/05/2017 02:03:42 0.08
0.66 07/05/2017 01:40:38 2.12
0.47 07/05/2017 01:38:54 1.2
0.49 07/05/2017 01:29:51 -2.25
0.63 07/05/2017 00:33:01 3.77
1.46 07/05/2017 00:03:45 -0.13

 

Here's what they look like on an earthquake map from the USGS:

 

 

Do I have your attention now?  Good.  Because let me tell you exactly what an eruption of the Long Valley Caldera could mean.   

According to the USGS, this volcano last erupted between 17,000 and 16,000 years ago. Prior to that, they know it also erupted 760,000 years ago because they tracked the volcanic ash deposits . . . and found they covered the area shown in green on the map below:

 

Of course, the USGS could be correct; perhaps all this activity, earthquakes, ground deformation at a rate they've never seen before, the whole mountain moving in a direction it's not supposed to move in, and belching of toxic gas . . .  might all mean . . . . nothing.

I just figured the good folks of California, Nevada and other nearby states might want to know what the facts are and decide for themselves if all this spectacularly unusual stuff means nothing. 

You see, if there actually is a big eruption, those big flows of gray colored ash that careen down the mountain (called PyroClastic Flows) move at about five-hundred miles an hour . . . . so all the movies you've seen where people outrun it in a car . . . . not true.  

Oh, and the temperature of those gray, billowing clouds of ash:  EIGHT HUNDRED DEGREES.

So you can't outrun it and you can't survive inside anything because the speed of the ash cloud knocks down everything in its path and the temperature of the ash cloud causes everything to burst into flame.

And for those in the green colored area above, you should be aware that volcanic ash is not actually "ash."  It is pulverized rock. It will stall your car by clogging the air intake, and if you get out of your car to see why it stalled  -- and you breathe in a few good whiffs of the "ash" --  it turns to mud-like sludge inside your lungs.  A few good whiffs, and you end up suffocating on sludge.  There's no treatment and no cure.

 

More Quakes and Getting Stronger

In the hours spent researching and writing this article, the USGS has begun reporting even MORE earthquakes, and they're getting stronger:

 

 

I certainly hope the folks in California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Utah have evacuation plans, filter masks to wear and emergency food/water. The way the Long Valley Volcano is acting, you all might need those things soon.

IF YOU KNOW ANYONE LIVING IN CALIFORNIA OR NEARBY NEVADA, PLEASE PASS THIS ARTICLE ALONG.  THEY HAVE A RIGHT TO KNOW WHAT'S GOING ON.

This will be one of the topics discussed on the Hal Turner Show, Wednesday, July 12 at 9:00 PM eastern US time (New York City time) [GMT -0400].  Tune-in either here on the Internet using the LISTEN LIVE link in the gray menu bar toward the top of the page, or via International radio on 7490-AM  WBCQ.  To call-in with your comments or observations, dial 201-771-3013 while the show is on the air.