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66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by Egypt

66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by Egypt

66 years ago today, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announced the historic nationalization of the Suez Canal, previously controlled by the British and the French.

In a speech in Alexandria on July 26, Nasser intentionally mentioned the name of Ferdinand de Lesseps, the “developer” of the canal, as a code word for the Egyptian military to return control of the canal and fulfill its nationalization.

A statue of De Lesseps that was erected at the canal would soon be destroyed by Egyptians.

De Lesseps, the man behind the canal project, is hailed as a national hero in France. But the 1.5 million workers who constructed the canal are almost erased from history.

Records from the Library of Alexandria show that smallpox, tuberculosis, hepatitis, and cholera were all common diseases, “the latter being so deadly that in 1865 there were not enough men to carry the corpses.”

According to Egyptian historians, around 100,000 forcibly conscripted workers died during the ten-year construction period.

Comments   

# RE: 66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by Egyptpsampson 2022-07-28 01:51
Ferdinand de Lesseps, the same man that failed in Panama for the same reason that soo many died during Suez construction; that reason was because there was no infer-structure built for the work force to live in. The first thing the USA did in Panama was to build said infer-structure for the working people to live in.
+2 # Built by slave labor...joe@tittiger.com 2022-07-27 14:25
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What stood out for me was that slave labor was used to build this canal. We don't eschew slavery - we still have it with the draft, mandatory jury duty, compulsory education, etc.
-3 # RE: Built by slave labor...RAFO 2022-07-27 20:09
Quoting joe@tittiger.com:
.
What stood out for me was that slave labor was used to build this canal. We don't eschew slavery - we still have it with the draft, mandatory jury duty, compulsory education, etc.


Slave labor WAS NOT used to build the canal!! Go read a history book. White professionals were paid in gold. Blue collar laborers were paid in silver. ALL were paid and no one worked for free.
# RE: Built by slave labor...mjc 2022-07-27 23:50
Quoting RAFO:

Slave labor WAS NOT used to build the canal!! Go read a history book. White professionals were paid in gold. Blue collar laborers were paid in silver. ALL were paid and no one worked for free.


Fine line? It was 'corvee' (forced labor of fixed time) rather than 'slavery'....

https://www.newsy-today.com/the-bitterness-of-forced-labor-behind-the-construction-of-the-suez-canal/

"Manually dredging the soil by human power with a distance of more than 100 km is certainly not an easy job. With the level of difficulty of the work, who is interested in becoming a porter of the Suez Canal? This issue has also become a debate between Said Pasha and de Lesseps.

Still referring to Zachary Karabell’s book, Said Pasha promised to replace the voluntary labor system that has been running for two years and provide new workers by utilizing the corvée system, a forced labor system that has a temporary period but is not part of slavery. In this system, the workers will work according to the request of the ruler."

https://www.history.com/topics/africa/suez-canal

"Unfortunately, over the objections of many British, French and American investors in the canal, many of these were slave laborers, and it is believed that tens of thousands died while working on the Suez, from cholera and other causes."
# RE: 66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by EgyptRockyMountainBeerMan 2022-07-27 11:31
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The Panama Canal was enlarged with a second set of much larger locks and opened in 2016:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama_Canal_expansion_project
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# RE: 66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by EgyptForrest Mosby 2022-07-27 14:39
Quoting RockyMountainBeerMan:
.
The Panama Canal was enlarged with a second set of much larger locks and opened in 2016:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama_Canal_expansion_project
.


CV(N)’s are still too big
# Check itThe_Big_Guy ACCOUNT TERMINATED 2022-07-27 09:05
Crazy how during the construction and development of the suez canal, there was never 1 inch of curvature accounted for..
+10 # RE: 66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by EgyptRAFO 2022-07-27 09:02
An interesting side note… de Lesseps built the Suez Canal through approximately 100 miles of flat sand. In the decade of the 1880’s he tried to do the same thing in Panama with about 50 miles to dig. He thought it would be a piece of cake.

Nine years later, with about 35,000 Frenchmen dead and his company and the French government bankrupt… he retired to a small French cottage and lived out the rest of his years in disgrace.

Panama was totally different than Egypt but he tried to use the same methods. Panama was hot, full of jungle and insects, it rained a lot, rivers had to be overcome, disease (Malaria and Yellow Fever) was rampant, and there was also a mountain range to deal with. One of his young engineers, early on, tried to tell de Lesseps that what was needed was a canal with a large man-made lake in the middle with locks on the Pacific and Atlantic sides… but de Lesseps knew better and tried to dig a sea level canal like he did in Egypt. The rest is history as they say… in 1889 the failure was the biggest of its kind up until that time. Still, they got about 1/3 of the canal dug.

In 1904-1914 the Americans built the canal we now have (with hired labor from all over the world, but mostly from the Caribbean), a lock-based system with a large man-made lake (Gatun Lake) in the middle, just like the one the young French engineer had proposed 24 years prior. It opened in 1914 and was given away in 1977 by Jimmy Carter (a Democrat), effective December of 1999.

I was there. What we willingly gave Panama is absolutely unbelievable. Land, bases, facilities, schools, hospitals, clinics, base housing, roads, bridges, and of course the canal itself with all of it’s infrastructure. Billions upon billions of dollars down the tube. Now both ends of the canal is leased to the Chinese for day to day operations. Funny how that just happened… right?

The story of what happened in Panama if fascinating from several different aspects. Greatly summed up in David McCullough’s book “The Path Between the Seas”.
+2 # Thank YouSteve in Buffalo 2022-07-27 11:51
For the thoughtful summation. So much better than the feeding of the trolls that happens here often.
First off, the only thing I like about Jimmy Carter is the fact that he is a watermark for how much the country has fallen under Joe.
That said, Carter made that decision after the Pentagon Papers and trial, Watergate and show hearings that got him elected, not to mention the Gas embargo, steel plants closing nationwide, Fall of Sagon, the Mayaguez seizing and battle with Cambodian Navy, we did not end out looking good at all did we? Remember, that was one of the arguments against going into Panama was we could not protect a single ship, you are going to defend the entire canal ,24/7.... Anyways, it was about that time that the bombings and attacks picked up speed from the citizens who wanted an independent country. Right away, the Pentagon wants to harden the canal. Troops, planes, firebases, to the canal.
That set off such a shitstorm of not another Veit Nam. Go look it up yourself. That said, the way, the deal, we basically just walked away and as was pointed out, China controls both ends, and we are going to pay dearly for that screw up. IMHO.
# RE: 66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by EgyptHaarnaś 2022-07-27 09:13
Quoting RAFO:

The story of what happened in Panama if fascinating from several different aspects. Greatly summed up in David McCullough’s book “The Path Between the Seas”.


Excellent review of history. Call-me-Jimmy peanut farmer from Georgia was obviously a dupe and a Communist agent. My father-in-law, a native New Yorker, still cannot forgive him for giving the Panama Canal to the natives who the sold it to the Commies. I met native Panamanians in my life, little pathetic characters, just like Jimmy!
# RE: 66 Years Ago Today - Suez Canal Nationalized by EgyptForrest Mosby 2022-07-27 09:11
Quoting RAFO:
An interesting side note… de Lesseps built the Suez Canal through approximately 100 miles of flat sand. In the decade of the 1880’s he tried to do the same thing in Panama with about 50 miles to dig. He thought it would be a piece of cake.

Nine years later, with about 35,000 Frenchmen dead and his company and the French government bankrupt… he retired to a small French cottage and lived out the rest of his years in disgrace.

Panama was totally different than Egypt but he tried to use the same methods. Panama was hot, full of jungle and insects, it rained a lot, rivers had to be overcome, disease (Malaria and Yellow Fever) was rampant, and there was also a mountain range to deal with. One of his young engineers, early on, tried to tell de Lesseps that what was needed was a canal with a large man-made lake in the middle with locks on the Pacific and Atlantic sides… but de Lesseps knew better and tried to dig a sea level canal like he did in Egypt. The rest is history as they say… in 1889 the failure was the biggest of its kind up until that time. Still, they got about 1/3 of the canal dug.

In 1904-1914 the Americans built the canal we now have (with hired labor from all over the world, but mostly from the Caribbean), a lock-based system with a large man-made lake (Gatun Lake) in the middle, just like the one the young French engineer had proposed 24 years prior. It opened in 1914 and was given away in 1977 by Jimmy Carter (a Democrat), effective December of 1999.

I was there. What we willingly gave Panama is absolutely unbelievable. Land, bases, facilities, schools, hospitals, clinics, base housing, roads, bridges, and of course the canal itself with all of it’s infrastructure. Billions upon billions of dollars down the tube. Now both ends of the canal is leased to the Chinese for day to day operations. Funny how that just happened… right?

The story of what happened in Panama if fascinating from several different aspects. Greatly summed up in David McCullough’s book “The Path Between the Seas”.


The other problem they have is where it crosses the Continental Divide is the land keeps rising w the weight of the mountains removed, causing the need for continual dredging…It also caused us to build warships limited in width so they can transit…I think our super carriers are our only ships too wide….The Essex class was the last carriers we built that could use the locks….Our LHA’s are Essex sized
+5 # doesn't Chinadavenjilli 2022-07-27 08:32
control the canal these days?
+2 # doesn't Chinachip 2022-07-27 08:36
They do the Panama Canal

 

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